Review and assessment of influencing factors in Highway Railway Grade Crossing accidents
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influencing factors of accidents at Highway Railway Grade Crossings (HRGCs). HRGCs are always black spots in both railway and highway transportation. There are many factors from two modes of transportation which influence on occurring an accident at HRGCs. Identifying these factors is the first step of preventing accident occurrence. Investigation of influencing factors have many other advantages such as: gathering essential data, designing a safe crossing, priorities the HRGCs and etc. Prediction models and hazard indices are the main applications of the factors. Prediction models measure the frequency and severity of accident and hazard indices try to provide a priority list of crossings. The applied factors are mostly related to features of railway, roadway and crossings and characteristics of vulnerable users are used less. In this study, we try to propose a method to prioritize HRGCs appropriately by using the vulnerable user’s factors.
- Brent D. Ogden, Korve Engineering, a Division of DMJM+Harris, Railroad-Highway Grade Crossing Handbook – Revised Second Edition 2007, Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration, 2007
- GRADE CROSSINGS STANDARDS, Transport Canada, 2014.
- Pedestrian Safety at Grade Crossing Guide (Final Draft), Transport Canada, 2007.
- R. Haas, “A NEEDS ASSESSMENT OF HIGHWAY STAKEHOLDERS OF AN AT–GRADE HIGHWAY–RAILROAD INTERSECTION IN LINCOLN, NEBRASK,” 2010.